Associated Entities

The main innovatory element of the project is the structure to be followed that allows for a flexible, multi-party interaction at international level. This interaction is made possible through a “Network of Associated Entities - NAE” and a wider number of “Related Entities - RE”.

Network of Associated Entities

The “Network of Associated Entities - NAE” will provide regular participation and inputs to all project activities and contains the following organizations that have accepted their participation and cooperation with the project.

 

TRB is one of six major divisions of the National Research Council— a private, nonprofit institution that is the principal operating agency of the National Academies in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The National Research Council is jointly administered by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. TRB’s varied activities—described below—annually engage more than 7,000 engineers, scientists, and other transportation researchers and practitioners from the public and private sectors and academia, all of whom contribute their expertise in the public interest by participating on TRB committees, panels, and task forces. The program is supported by state transportation departments, federal agencies including the component administrations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and other organizations and individuals interested in the development of transportation. TRB was established in 1920 as the National Advisory Board on Highway Research to provide a mechanism for the exchange of information and research results about highway technology. Renamed the Highway Research Board (HRB) in 1925, the organization accomplished its mission through standing committees, publications, and an annual meeting. In the decades that followed, HRB steadily increased in size. Information exchange remained its sole mission until the 1950s, when it began to undertake management of ad hoc research projects. The first continuing research management activity—the National Cooperative Highway Research Program— started in 1962. During the 1960s, the Board’s activities became increasingly multimodal in outlook. In 1974 the Highway Research Board became the Transportation Research Board. Since then, TRB’s portfolio of services has expanded significantly—first in the early 1980s, when it began conducting studies of national transportation policy issues, and again in the 1990s, when Congress, the U.S. Department of Transportation, and the state departments of transportation asked TRB to undertake additional tasks, including management responsibilities for the Transit Cooperative Research Program, guidance of ongoing research programs such as the Long-Term Pavement Performance studies, and management of the Innovations Deserving Exploratory Analysis programs. More recent additions have included new cooperative research programs in airports, freight, and hazardous materials transportation, and the second Strategic Highway Research Program.

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a division of the United States Department of Transportation that specializes in highway transportation. The agency's major activities are grouped into two "programs," the Federal-aid Highway Program and the Federal Lands Highway Program. Its role had previously been performed by the Office of Road Inquiry, Office of Public Roads and the Bureau of Public Roads. FHWA's role in the Federal-aid Highway Program is to oversee federal funds used for constructing and maintaining the National Highway System (primarily Interstate Highways, U.S. Routes and most State Routes). This funding mostly comes from the federal gasoline tax and mostly goes to State departments of transportation. FHWA oversees projects using these funds to ensure that federal requirements for project eligibility, contract administration and construction standards are adhered to. Under the Federal Lands Highway Program, FHWA provides highway design and construction services for various federal land-management agencies, such as the Forest Service and the National Park Service. In addition to these programs, FHWA performs research in the areas of automobile safety, congestion, highway materials and construction methods.

The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) was created by the Department of Transportation Act of 1966 (49 U.S.C. 103, Section 3(e)(1)). The purpose of FRA is to: promulgate and enforce rail safety regulations; administer railroad assistance programs; conduct research and development in support of improved railroad safety and national rail transportation policy; provide for the rehabilitation of Northeast Corridor rail passenger service; and consolidate government support of rail transportation activities. Today, the FRA is one of ten agencies within the U.S. Department of Transportation concerned with intermodal transportation. It operates through seven divisions under the offices of the Administrator and Deputy Administrator.

CTS was created in 1987 to address the need for closer cooperation between University faculty and state and federal departments of transportation, and to strengthen the University's role in transportation research and education. Originally a part of the Institute of Technology, CTS is now an independent University center reporting to the Office for System Academic Administration. The Center's work is in keeping with the University of Minnesota's land-grant mission—research and discovery; teaching and learning; and outreach and public service. In the years since it was established, the Center's capabilities have steadily expanded with the addition of new components like the federally funded Intelligent Transportation Systems Institute and the statewide Local Technical Assistance Program. CTS leaders have continued to work closely with University administrators and faculty, bringing diverse academic fields together to tackle complex transportation issues. Today, CTS is a nationally prominent center that attracts more than $22 million annually for research, education, and outreach programs. The Center works with more than 75 faculty from 25 different departments in seven colleges—a spectrum of disciplines including engineering, planning, economics, public policy, computer science, human factors, and environmental studies. Funding sources include numerous federal, state, local, and private-sector sponsors. Throughout its history, the Center has served as a resource and facilitator, helping talented University researchers develop new knowledge about transportation and then helping share that knowledge with professionals and policymakers. Ultimately, this knowledge improves transportation decision making—meaning better and safer transportation systems, smarter investments, and a higher quality of life for Minnesota and the nation.

Petersburg State Transport University (PSTU) is one of the oldest and most prestigious engineering higher schools in Russia. The University was founded in 1809. PSTU professors and graduates have contributed a lot to development of technical sciences in Russia. Among their achievements is design and construction of 99% of bridges in Saint-Petersburg. Nowadays, the University is a finely equipped complex comprising 16 buildings situated in the city center. Petersburg State Transport University admits applicants for studying at 10 faculties and trains students in 29 specialities in engineering, economics and medicine. Today, over 14,000 students study at the University, including more than 500 foreign students from 30 countries of the world. Annually, the University sends its students for studies and internships at Universities abroad and receives students from Europe, USA and CIS countries. The University graduates work successfully all over the world. Petersburg State Transport University is a huge scientific and research center in the field of engineering, construction and railway operation. The University’s lecture-halls and laboratories are provided with all the necessary equipment that complies with the latest requirements. PSTU takes part in organization and holding of more than 10 scientific conferences, symposiums and workshops on a regular basis. The University has agreements of cooperation in the sphere of education and scientific research with more than 30 foreign partners.

ARRB Group has over 50 years developed the resources to examine issues of national importance. Key strategies inlcude:

  • conducting multi-disciplinary programs of research on national priorities for Austroads
  • consulting services for members and the industry
  • creating a hub for road industry knowledge and experience which provides certainty and reliability in information
  • expanding knowledge sharing and transfer activities to meet industry needs
  • developing and commercialising innovative technology and systems.

In May 2003 the Austroads Council approved the establishment of a Technical Research Program with a commitment of core research funding to ARRB. Significantly, the primary objective was to rebuild expertise and experience within ARRB which would then be available to Austroads members to assist in responding to current and emerging issues. The following four core areas of research within the Technical Research program were identified. The key criterion was that they were areas where ARRB was the key source of significant research expertise in the region:

  • Asset Management research involves development of decision tools to assist road agencies. Key areas include assessment of the effects of incremental increases in axle group loads on the road network in terms of road condition and road agency costs, predicting dynamic wheel loading and its effects on the network and long-term pavement performance monitoring to develop consistent performance models.
  • Bituminous Surfacings research aims to improve the ability of road agencies to manage their surfacings assets in response to the emerging freight task and community expectations. The program includes work on optimising the performance of bituminous binders, sprayed seals and asphalt surfacings including use of polymer modified binders.
  • Pavement Technology research continues to focus on improving understanding of the response of flexible pavements to changing vehicle loads and new-generation heavy vehicles. Emphasis is being placed on unbound granular pavement materials.
  • Road Safety Engineering research focuses on ways to improve the road environment in order to reduce road safety risk as part of the Safe Systems approach. A number of projects covering areas of road safety and speed and roadside safety are underway. Other projects include road safety engineering measures to address fatigue, improving safety of heavy vehicles in urban areas and program development and trials of a national risk assessment model.
  • This research is critical as Austroads members are responsible for road assets valued at over $200 billion with recurrent expenditure of over $6 billion on maintenance. The program continues to develop and sustain a national capability for technical research and knowledge so that this can be available to meet the future requirements of the Australasian road industry. Results of the research programs are disseminated through numerous workshops and training courses, and the presentation of papers at international and Australasian conferences. In addition to the four core areas, ARRB also undertakes Austroads research in the areas of network operations; road user behaviour; traffic management; freight registration and licensing.

The DITL is part of the School of Engineering at PUC (www.ing.puc.cl). The School has nine Departments and two centres; ranks as the most prestigious in the country and is one of the top Engineering Schools in Latin America. Around 500 undergraduate students are received by the School of Engineering each year, and all of these are among the top 1% in the country. The School also offers MSc and PhD degrees and has strong links with the best universities in North America, Australia and Europe. The DTIL ranks top in research output among Spanish speaking countries. Its staff is formed by 8 full time academics, several part time lecturers, a team of research engineers – which work in the consulting/extension services for governments and private institutions as part of DICTUC S.A. (www.dictuc.cl). It also has an associate Traffic Engineering Laboratory – probably the most advanced of its kind in Latin America - that also provides services to the outside world as part of DICTUC’s activities. The DTIL is located in the San Joaquín Campus, with good installations for staff and postgraduate students, and a well equipped Departmental Library.

The DITL was formed in 1969 and since then has had a very good relation with governments and outside institutions, having been involved in large internationally funded research projects with, among others the following universities: Université de Montréal (Canadian International Development Research Centre, IDRC, 1985-1190); University College London (The British Council and Transport and Road Research Laboratory, TRRL, 1988-1991; Environmental and Physics Research Council, EPSRC, 1988-1989; 1998-1999); University of Sydney (New South Wales Roads Authority, 2007-2008); Norwegian Institute of Transport Economics (TEMPO project, 2009-2014).
Further, in 2009 the DITL was selected by the Volvo Research and Educational Foundations (VREF) to lead a consortium (including MIT, Sydney University, the Technical University of Lisbon and EMBARQ) creating a BRT Centre of Excellence (www.brt.cl).

The Korea Transport Institute (KOTI) provides recommendations and alternatives for the nation's transport policy and assists in creating the optimal transport system for the Korean people through specialized research and technical innovations, while positioning itself not only as a specialized national institute but also as one of the world¡¯s leading transport research institutions. We are facing chronic urban congestion and inefficiencies in logistics, which in turn cause inconveniences for citizens¡¯ daily life and deterioration of Korea¡¯s international competitive edge. Against this backdrop, KOTI has come to play an enormously important role. KOTI has been committed to building a safe, convenient, efficient and environmentally sound transportation system for the nation since 1987. It has conducted a wide array of research projects, developed new transport-related technologies, and disseminated the outcomes of such efforts to the Korean government and public. Acclaimed as the most competent, influential and fast-growing national transport institute in Korea for 20 years since its establishment, KOTI is also aware that such a reputation can be easily lost in the sea of rapid changes unless it constantly strives to stay ahead of the times. Accordingly, KOTI has been continuously stepping up and readjusting its research capacity to meet the challenges of the future. As the barriers on the Korean Peninsula and in Northeast Asia continue to break down, the staff at KOTI are meeting the challenges of a new era once again. As we embark on this journey, there are many uncertainties. But through dedication, world-class research, and coordination with our neighboring nations, KOTI will overcome these difficulties by developing pioneering national strategies that will help Korea link to the Asian continent, allowing her to progress and prosper in the near and distant future.

The CSIR in South Africa performs multidisciplinary research and technological innovation with the aim of contributing to industrial development and the quality of life of people of this country -- and increasingly on the wider continent. We employ people who are experts in their fields and passionate about creating a better future through science. Constituted by an Act of Parliament in 1945, the CSIR is one of the leading science and technology research, development and implementation organisations in Africa. The CSIR’s main site is in Pretoria, while it is represented in other provinces of South Africa through regional offices. The CSIR transfers the knowledge generated through research activities by means of technology and skilled people. The generation and application of knowledge reside at the core of the CSIR. This takes place in domains such as biosciences; the built environment; defence, peace, safety and security; materials science and manufacturing; and natural resources and the environment. The CSIR houses specialist facilities of strategic importance for African science. These include information and communications technologies; laser technology; and space-related technology. Activities include intellectual property (IP) management, technology transfer (for commercial gain as well as for social good), knowledge dissemination and impact assessment. The CSIR has a group of facilities that manages standard technology-based services. The experts in this group utilise the value of CSIR knowledge application activities by providing specialised consulting, analysis and testing services to address the needs of clients. Services include forensic fire investigations, food and beverage analysis, environmental testing, engineering forensics, wire rope testing, mechanical testing, fires and explosion tests, sports technology and analysis, and project management. South Africa’s national imperatives and global challenges provide the macrostrategic framework within which the CSIR conducts its research. In an effort to contribute to placing our continent on a path of sustainable growth and development, the organisation supports and actively participates in the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). The CSIR receives an annual grant from Parliament, through the Department of Science and Technology (DST), which accounts for close to 40% of its total income. The remainder is generated from research contracts with government departments at national, provincial and municipal levels, the private sector and research funding agencies in South Africa and abroad. Additional income is derived from royalties, licences and dividends from IP management and commercial companies created by the CSIR. The parliamentary grant is focused on the knowledge base and facilities in the CSIR to ensure these stay at the leading edge of technological development. It is invested in developing new areas of expertise, undertaking ‘pre-competitive’ research too risky for the private sector to fund and for training young researchers. The CSIR’s shareholder is the South African Parliament, held in proxy by the Minister of Science and Technology. The CSIR has clients in both the private sector (micro, small, medium and large enterprises; formal and informal), as well as in the public sector (national, provincial and local government). The organisation also deals with public enterprises and institutions, national safety and security establishments, and development structures. Regionally and abroad, the CSIR fosters partnerships and a network of clients and partner organisations as part of a global sphere of influence on matters of technology. The CSIR liaises closely with tertiary education institutions. With a strong emphasis on relevant and developmental work, it also has strong roots in various communities, and collaborates with a wide range of donors and funding agencies.

Independent Administrative Agency Public Works Research Institute is one of Japan's representing research institutes that has been established with an aim to efficiently develop public works technologies and quality social capital by conducting research and development concerning public works, technological instruction and distribution of its research results at the same time as to contribute to promotion of development of Hokkaido. In April, 2006, Independent Administrative Agency Public Works Research Institute, whose parent organization had been Road Materials Laboratory, Public Works Bureau, Department of the Interior established in 1921, and Independent as the Hokkaido Civil Engineering Institute, whose parent organization had been Public Works Department Laboratory, Hokkaido Government, Department of the Interior established in 1937, were integrated to be newly launched. Public Works Research Institute accurately identifies social requirements, the people's needs and international needs and, by producing quality research results, aims to return benefits of its research results to society. In order to attain those achievements, the research departments of four institutions, Tsukuba Central Research Institute, Civil Engineering Research Institute for Cold Region, International Center for Water Hazard and Risk Management and Center for Advanced Engineering Structural Assessment and Research, implement research on prevention and reduction of natural disasters, improvement of living environment, advanced social capital stock management, measures regarding global environment issues such as energy/ resource saving, development of social capital suitable for the snow piling cold climate, advanced research and development such as new materials/ new construction methods for development of Hokkaido's agricultural and fisheries foundation and research and development in basic areas such as phenomenon/ mechanism analysis and general technologies that forms the foundation of the entire public works technologies.

Central Road Research Institute (CRRI - established in 1952), located at New Delhi, India is one of the premier national research organizations for Highway, Geotechnical, Pavement, Traffic and Bridge Engineering, Transportation (Planning, Environment, Economics) & Traffic safety. Important R&Ds encompass different aspects of unsealed, flexible and concrete pavement, mix design, evaluation and performance monitoring, modelling of pavement deterioration, developing pavement management system, soft ground improvement, monitoring performance of bridges and culverts. CRRI has worked out for improved transportation planning and engineering solutions for emerging urban needs. Investigative research in the area of rural roads, materials, pavement failure and highway (instrumentation, design and safety, development of improved binders, etc) form an integral part of CRRI programmes. CRRI also provide regular training to national and International level engineers and planners on Highway, Traffic and Pavement Engineering and disseminates the latest findings through publications. The Institute has over 150 scientists and technical officers with high academic qualifications, and long years of rich research experience. CRRI has also developed a few road testing equipments and is well equipped with state-of-the-art laboratories and other infrastructural facilities. Accelerated Pavement Test Facility (APTF) is a recent acquisition of CRRI.

CRRI has worked with TRB (USA), ARRB (Australia), TRL (UK), PIARC, US Strategic Highway Research Programme (US-SHRP), several European road research institutes, Road organisations in the SAARC region, etc. CRRI was a subcontractor to FEHRL in the FP7 project SIMBA II project which looked at strengthening road transport research cooperation between Europe and emerging international markets.

WATERBORNE TP is an initiative that came forth from the Maritime Industries Forum (MIF) and its R&D committee in 2005 and is making strident efforts to regularly update R&D requirements for European competitiveness, innovation and the meeting of regulations like safety and environment. The stakeholders include EU associations covering deep and short sea shipping, inland waterways, yards, equipment manufacturers, marine leisure industry, research and university institutions, classification societies etc. The so-called stakeholder Support Group is matched by a Mirror Group of government appointed delegates.

The WATERBORNE TP is one of the some 30 technology platforms in the EU and where appropriate possibilities for exchanges or other ways of cooperation are investigated. The WATERBORNE TP published a VISION 2020 paper in 2005, a Strategic Research Agenda in 2006 and an Implementation Plan in 2007. The contents are been used by industry sectors, national R&D programs and not in the last place by the European Commission for defining the outline of and calls under the R&D Framework Programs.